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Logical Fallacy of Base Rate Neglect / Base Rate Fallacy / Neglecting Base Rates / Base Rate Bias / Prosecutor's Fallacy


 
 

Logical Fallacy of Base Rate Neglect  / Base Rate Fallacy / Neglecting Base Rates / Base Rate Bias / Prosecutor’s Fallacy / Ignoring Proportionality

Base rate neglect is one of the many smokescreens that are used to cover the fact that the reasoning is based on one of the three fallacies of Agrippa's trilemma. Whenever a logical fallacy is committed, the fallacy has its roots in Agrippa's trilemma. All human thought (without Divine revelation) is based on one of three unhappy possibilities. These three possibilities are infinite regress, circular reasoning, or axiomatic thinking. This problem is known as Agrippa's trilemma. Some have claimed that only logic and math can be known without Divine revelation; however, that is not true. There is no reason to trust either logic or math without Divine revelation. Science is also limited to the pragmatic because of the weakness on human reasoning, which is known as Agrippa's trilemma.

The logical fallacy of base rate neglect / Base Rate Fallacy / Neglecting Base Rates / Base Rate Bias / Prosecutor’s Fallacy / Ignoring Proportionality occurs when someone uses specific instances or unrelated instances in favor of verified statistical information. The corresponding fallacy is to try to apply statistical analysis to something that does not yield itself to this type of analysis, such as miracles, God, the spiritual real, Heaven, Hell, etc. In this case, a person who wanted to prove a certain thing would dismiss any and all specific instances in favor of statistics that could not possibly measure what they claim to measure.

Examples of the Logical Fallacy of Base Rate neglect  / Base Rate Fallacy / Neglecting Base Rates / Base Rate Bias / Prosecutor’s Fallacy / Ignoring Proportionality

"There were three murders in the city that were committed by Christians this week. Only one Atheist committed a murder. That says something about Christianity."

This is an example of base rate neglect along with small sample size and hasty generalization. There is also a definist fallacy here in that, while three people out of four self-identify as Christians, there are many definitions of what "Christian" means. The group, Christians, is quite diverse ranging from followers of Christ to people who have never met Jesus Christ personally and who don't allow the label, "Christian," to affect their lifestyles. Atheists, on the other hand comprise only about 2% of the population of the city.



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Last updated: Sep, 2014
 
 

Logical Fallacy of Base Rate Neglect / Base Rate Fallacy / Neglecting Base Rates / Base Rate Bias / Prosecutor's Fallacy



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There are 31 sub-topics of "Statistical Fallacies"

Logical Fallacy of Misused Statistics

Misunderstanding the Nature of Statistics / Innumeracy

Clustering Illusion

Logical Fallacy of Bad Statistical Data

Logical Fallacy of Biased Statistical Method

Logical Fallacy of Biased Statistical Calculation

Logical Fallacy of Biased Conclusion from Statistics

Logical Fallacy of Biased Reporting of Statistics

Logical Fallacy of Biased Statistics / Biased Statistics / Loaded Sample / Prejudiced Statistics / Prejudiced sample / Loaded Statistics / Biased Induction / Biased Generalization / Unrepresentative Sample / Unrepresentative Generalization

Logical Fallacy of Generalizing from a Hypostatization

Logical Fallacy of Error in Sampling

Logical Fallacy of Avoiding Specific Numbers

Logical Fallacy of Fake Precision / Over Precision / False Precision / Misplaced Precision / Spurious Accuracy

Logical Fallacy of Self-Selected Biased Sample

Logical Fallacy of Comparing Two Things Statistically that are not Technically Comparable / Statistical Apples and Oranges

Logical Fallacy of Ludus / Ludic Fallacy

Logical Fallacy of Fishing for Data / Data Dredging / Data Fishing / Data Snooping / Equation Fitting

Logical Fallacy of Base Rate Neglect / Base Rate Fallacy / Neglecting Base Rates / Base Rate Bias / Prosecutor's Fallacy

Logical Fallacy of Isolated Examples

Logical Fallacy of Hasty Generalization / False Generalization / Glittering Generalities

Logical Fallacy of Argument from Small Numbers / Small Sample Size Bias

General Rule Fallacy

Logical Fallacy of Specificity

Logical Fallacy of Overwhelming Exception

Logical Fallacy of Stereotyping

Logical Fallacy of Dicto Simpliciter / Sweeping Generalization

Gambler's Fallacy / The Monte Carlo Fallacy / The Doctrine The Maturity of Chances / Hot Hand Fallacy

Logical Fallacy of Appeal to Possibility / Appeal to Probability

Logical Fallacy of Appeal to Infinite Possibilities

Texas Sharpshooter Fallacy

Misuse of Averages Fallacy

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